Set radio button value in React

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I am making a simple react app with form that has radio buttons.

Here there is a default data available like,

const defaultData = [{ ContactMode: 3 }, { ContactMode: 2 }, { ContactMode: 2 }];

Requirement:

-> Need to iterate this defaultData and assign their respective ContactMode mode as checked in each row.

Working Snippet:

const { useState } = React;

const App = () => {
  const [formValue, setFormValue] = useState({
    ContactMode: 1
  });

  const defaultData = [{ ContactMode: 3 }, { ContactMode: 2 }, { ContactMode: 2 }];

  const handleInputChange = (e, index) => {
    const { name, value } = event.target;
    setFormValue({
      ...formValue,
      [name]: value
    });
  };

  const submitData = () => {
    console.log(formValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <form>
        {defaultData.map((item, index) => {
          return (<React.Fragment>
            <label> Contact Mode </label>
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={item.ContactMode == 1}
              value={1}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Email
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={item.ContactMode == 2}
              value={2}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Text
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={item.ContactMode == 3}
              value={3}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Both
            <br />
            <br />
            <button type="button">
               Save
             </button>
            <br />
            <br />
            <br />
          </React.Fragment>);
        })}
      </form>
    </div>
  );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.11.0/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.11.0/umd/react-dom.production.min.js"></script>
<div id="root"></div>

Expected output:

Contact Mode  Email Text Both (Checked)

Contact Mode  Email Text(Checked) Both

Contact Mode  Email Text(Checked) Both

Note: I can’t modify the name attribute name="ContactMode".. Reason is I also have individual save button each row and on click of that save button that particular row will gets saved.. And each row should have name="ContactMode" ..

Edit:

As my question is not clear in what I am trying to achieve, I am going to give the entire code here.

-> I have a stepper form in which Step 2 is employment section and by default I have the values to set into the form,

const dynamicData = [
  {
    EmploymentID: 1,
    companyName: 'Company One',
    designation: 'Designation One',
    ContactMode: 3,
  },
  {
    EmploymentID: 2,
    companyName: 'Company two',
    designation: 'Designation One',
    ContactMode: 2,
  },
];

-> Inside useEffecthook I set the form value like,

  React.useEffect(() => {
    setExpanded(0);
    setValue((prev) => {
      const companyDetails = [...dynamicData];
      return { ...prev, companyDetails };
    });
  }, []);

Here the form values with input boxes are binded properly but the radio button value doesn’t gets checked.

-> There are two data’s available but the first one will be expanded by default and whereas the second one will gets opened on click of the Expand button below the first one.

-> On click of the save button, that particular object (inputField) will be console logged (testing only) along with modified data..

Here the ISSUE is if we modify the data then things are working fine but the radio checked attribute alone not making the item checked.. (Checked indication is not working)..

Please go to step 2 in the below given codesandbox to see the issue.. To see the second item, click on the expand button..

Set radio button value in React

Please kindly help me to set default radio button value in each row.

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

In your sandbox I was able to get the radio buttons to work by

  1. Providing a unique name for each mapped radio group
  2. Update the change handler to uniquely handle the ContactMode property.

Update the radio groups to use the current mapped index in order to make them unique among all mapped groups.

<div className="form-group col-sm-4">
  <label className="inline-flex items-center mr-6">
    <input
      type="radio"
      className="form-radio border-black"
      name={`ContactMode-${index}`} // <-- append index to name
      value={1}
      checked={inputField.ContactMode === 1} // <-- use strict "==="
      onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
    />
    <span className="ml-2">Email</span>
  </label>
</div>
<div className="form-group col-sm-4">
  <label className="inline-flex items-center mr-6">
    <input
      type="radio"
      className="form-radio border-black"
      name={`ContactMode-${index}`}
      value={2}
      checked={inputField.ContactMode === 2}
      onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
    />
    <span className="ml-2">Text</span>
  </label>
</div>
<div className="form-group col-sm-4">
  <label className="inline-flex items-center mr-6">
    <input
      type="radio"
      className="form-radio border-black"
      name={`ContactMode-${index}`}
      value={3}
      checked={inputField.ContactMode === 3}
      onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
    />
    <span className="ml-2">Both</span>
  </label>
</div>

In the handleInputChange add a case to handle ContactMode specially.

const handleInputChange = (index, event) => {
  const { name, value } = event.target;
  if (name === 'designation' && !isLettersOnly(value)) {
    return;
  }

  if (name.startsWith('ContactMode')) { // <-- check name prefix
    setValue((prev) => ({
      ...prev,
      companyDetails: prev.companyDetails.map((detail, i) =>
        i === index
          ? {
              ...detail,
              ContactMode: Number(value), // <-- store back under correct key, as number for string equality check
            }
          : detail,
      ),
    }));
    return; // <-- return early so other state update is skipped!
  }

  setValue((prev) => {
    const companyDetails = prev.companyDetails.map((v, i) => {
      if (i !== index) {
        return v;
      }

      return { ...v, [name]: value };
    });

    return { ...prev, companyDetails };
  });
};

Set radio button value in React

Method 2

I think it due to that all of the radio have the same name attribute
every group should have different name.
for example:

name = " ex1"
name = "ex2"
name = "ex3"

for every new group due name like this.
if you do the same name it make everything messed up
another think you you == instead of ===

item.ContactMode == 3

it’s better to use ===

Method 3

@TalOrlanczyk’s answer is right. You are printing 9 radio buttons in total and all have the same value in name attribute. So technically it is like having a radio group with 9 radio buttons which means that a radio group can only accept one value.
I ran your code and it only selected "Text" on 3rd line.

If you are trying to have 3 separate rows (radio groups) you need to try something like this:

<input
    type="radio"
    name={"ContactMode"+index}
    checked={item.ContactMode == 1}
    value={1}
    onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
/>{" "}
Email
<input
    type="radio"
    name={"ContactMode"+index}
    checked={item.ContactMode == 2}
    value={2}
    onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
/>{" "}
Text
<input
    type="radio"
    name={"ContactMode"+index}
    checked={item.ContactMode == 3}
    value={3}
    onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
/>{" "}

Try it and rerun your code

Method 4

Here are some issues in your code…

  1. Every time the component returns, the .map is called on defaultData. Hence not mapped to state.

  2. If you want the same name for each iteration, then you need to use <form> for every iteration else all the radio buttons will be grouped together, therefore only the last radio button shows as marked.

  3. It is better to use === instead of ==

I have modified your code and defaultData is used to initialize the state.

const { useState } = React;


  const defaultData = [{ ContactMode: 3 }, { ContactMode: 2 }, { ContactMode: 2 }];

const App = () => {

  const [formValue, setFormValue] = useState([...defaultData]);

  const handleInputChange = (index, e) => {
    const { name, value } = e.target;

    const newFormValue = [...formValue];
    newFormValue.splice(index,1,{[name]: value});
    
    setFormValue(newFormValue);
  };

  const submitData = () => {
    console.log(formValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
        {formValue.map((item, index) => {
          return (<form>
            <label> Contact Mode </label>
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={Number(item.ContactMode) === 1}
              value={1}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Email
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={Number(item.ContactMode) === 2}
              value={2}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Text
            <input
              type="radio"
              name="ContactMode"
              checked={Number(item.ContactMode) === 3}
              value={3}
              onChange={(event) => handleInputChange(index, event)}
            />{" "}
            Both
            <br />
            <br />
          </form>);
        })}
        <button type="button" onClick={submitData}>
          {" "}
          Submit{" "}
        </button>
    </div>
  );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.11.0/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.11.0/umd/react-dom.production.min.js"></script>
<div id="root"></div>

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Reply