How to get data from react context

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I have a React class called GlobalDataProvider:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

const DataContext = React.createContext();
export default DataContext;

export class DataProvider extends Component {

  state = {
     title: 'Some title'
  }

  render() {
   return (
     <DataContext.Provider 
       value={{state: this.state}}>
       {this.props.children}
     </DataContext.Provider>
    )}
}

And I am trying to use data in another file “PageSection.js” like this:

import React from 'react';
import DataContext from '../data/GlobalDataProvider';

const PageSection= () =>{

return (
    <section className="page-section">
        <DataContext.Consumer>
            {(context) => (
                <h1>{ context.state.title }</h1>
            )}
        </DataContext.Consumer>
    </section>
 );
};

However this does not work for some reason. I get this error message:

TypeError: Cannot read property 'state' of undefined, 
  in PageSection.js line 11 (the line with this code: { context.state.title }). 

What am I doing wrong?

Do I have to import the class DataProvider? or only the Context variable?

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

I suspect you need your DataContext.Consumer to be a child element of the DataContext.Provider. Something like this…

import React from 'react';
import DataContext, { DataProvider } from '../data/GlobalDataProvider';

const PageSection= () =>{

return (
    <section className="page-section">
      <DataProvider>
        <DataContext.Consumer>
            {(context) => (
                <h1>{ context.state.title }</h1>
            )}
        </DataContext.Consumer>
      </DataProvider>
    </section>
 );
};

Method 2

try:

export class DataProvider extends Component {

  state = {
     title: 'Some title'
  }

  render() {
   return (
     <DataContext.Provider 
       value={this.state}>
       {this.props.children}
     </DataContext.Provider>
    )}
}






const PageSection= () =>{

return (
  <DataProvider>
    <section className="page-section">
        <DataContext.Consumer>
            {(context) => (
                <h1>{ context.title }</h1>
            )}
        </DataContext.Consumer>
    </section>
 </DataProvider>
 );
};

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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