windows authentication to sql server

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I can not seem to get sql server to recognize my credentials. recognizes me when I login but when I execute a sql command I get a login failed message.

The IIS server and SQL server are on different machines.

There are other applications the IIS server which are able to authenticate to the sql server. I believe the Active Directory settings are correct. I am investigating what I am doing differently.

I must be missing something.

  • I check the IIS settings
  • The web config is set to impersonate.

Below is the relevant information. If anyone has any idea as to what I missed or am doing wrong I would appreciate some help.

IIS Settings:

  • ‘Integrated Windows authentication’ is checked
  • ‘Enable anonymous access” is not checked

Web Config

<authentication mode="Windows"/>
<identity impersonate="true"/>
   <deny users="?" />   

Page_Load Code:

Dim winId As IIdentity = HttpContext.Current.User.Identity
TextBoxMessage.Text = winId.Name + Environment.NewLine
Dim cnn As SqlClient.SqlConnection

   Dim sql As String = "*****"

   cnn = New SqlClient.SqlConnection("Data Source=*****;Initial Catalog=****;Integrated Security=True")

   Dim cmd As New SqlClient.SqlCommand(sql, cnn)

Catch ex As Exception
   TextBoxMessage.Text += ex.Message
End Try



Login failed for user ‘NT AUTHORITY\ANONYMOUS LOGON’.

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

This is key = The IIS server and SQL server are on different machines. You’re facing the classic double hop issue. Think of it in this way:

  • You access the web application under your credentials
  • IIS in this case has to present who you say you are to the SQL Server
  • IIS says, “Why hello SQL Server, I’m passing on Tony’s kerberos creds, they are legit”
  • SQL Server says, “Hmmm, IIS I’m not sure I trust you, I need proof that you are trusted to present these credentials to me”.

Thus once you enable delegation as mentioned by Remus, your SQL Server will trust the credentials your IIS server is presenting on your behalf.

In terms of security, under delegation, it would be wise to choose:

Trust this computer for delegation for specified services only | Use Kerberos only | and then underneath the “Services to which this account can present delegated credentials” make sure you explicitly set only the server/port you need.

Method 2

You also need to enable constrained delegation:

Method 3

Are your ISS server and SQL Server running on the same machine?

If not, Active Directory has to be configured to allow your IIS server to impersonate your accout towards the SQL Server. See How To: Use Protocol Transition and Constrained Delegation in ASP.NET 2.0.

Method 4

Long story short: IIS server should have “trusted for delegation” checkbox checked in Active Directory.

Method 5

You need to set you credentials in Application Pool.
– Open IIS
– Select Application Pools
– Enter the name, select .Net framework version and click OK
– Select the new added application pool and click on Advanced Settings..
– In the Process Model section click on Identity – choose custom account and enter the AD username, password, confirm password and click OK
– Select your application and in the Basic settings choose your application pool just created.

Hope this helps

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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