How to empty an JS Object?

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I have an object like

var person = {'id':null, 'name':'John Doe'}

After inserting the object value into the database, I will get another object from the server:

var personInDB = {'id':1234, 'name':'John Doe'}

I have used angular.merge to use updated the value of person with that of personInDB.

But, I want to empty person object before applying angular.merge, so that I only get the values in database. I don’t want to assign new empty object to person as that will break data-binding in angular.

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

I want to empty person object…I don’t want to assign new empty object to person

I’m not aware of any kind of built-in object .deleteAllProperties() method, so that leaves looping through the properties and calling delete on each individually. Following is a reasonably tidy way to do that:

Object.keys(person).forEach(k => delete person[k])

Or the slightly longer non-ES6 arrow function version for support back as far as IE9:

Object.keys(person).forEach(function(k) { delete person[k]})

For even older IE just use a for..in loop (with a .hasOwnProperty() check).

And obviously you can put any of the above into a function for ease of re-use:

function emptyObject(obj) {
  Object.keys(obj).forEach(k => delete obj[k])
}

emptyObject(person)

Note that although this answers what you’ve asked, I’m not sure why you think you need to do it at all. The example you show in the question has the same two properties before and after, so angular.merge() would just overwrite the old values with the new values without any need to first empty the object. (Are you trying to allow for a case (not shown) where the old version of your object might have properties that no longer exist in the new version?)

Method 2

if you want empty the ‘id’ only

person['id']=null;

if you want to empty all attributes of the person object, then

Object.keys(person).forEach(key => person[key]=null);

Method 3

If I understand correctly, you seem to think that you need to empty the original object before merging in the new one or the properties from the database won’t be used. I don’t think that’s the case though. I looked at the source for angular.merge and it appears to copy (ie: overwrite) every property from the source object to the destination object. So you shouldn’t need to empty it at all, just do the merge and all the values on the database object will be used.

Method 4

Well, to avoid breaking angularjs’s data binding I now update each field manually:

var person = {id : null, name: 'toto'};

// Ajax call
person.id = ajaxres.id;
person.name = ajaxres.name

Method 5

If you are using ECAM6,then you can use Destructuring_assignment

[person] = [personInDB ] //Object {id: 1234, name: "John Doe"}

OR

You can have like this.

var arrKeys = Object.keys(person);

  arrKeys.forEach(function(val,key){  

      person[val] =   personInDB[val];

    })

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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