How can I find the index of an object inside a Array using underscore.js?

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I want to get the index of the given value inside a Array using underscore.js.

Here is my case

var array = [{'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'},
             {'id': 2, 'name': 'yyy'},
             {'id': 3, 'name': 'zzz'}];

var searchValue = {'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'};

I used the following code,

var index = _.indexOf(array, function(data) { 
                alert(data.toSource()); //For testing purpose 
                return data === searchValue; 
            });

Also tried this too

var index = _.indexOf(array, {id: searchValue.id});

But it returns -1 . Since it does not enter into that function. So I didn’t get that alert message.

Whats wrong with my code.
Can anyone help me?

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

I’d strongly suggest taking a look at lodash. It contains quite a bit of nifty little functions that unfortunately underscore is lacking.

For example, this is what you would do with lodash:

var array = [{'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'},
           {'id': 2, 'name': 'yyy'},
           {'id': 3, 'name': 'zzz'}];

var searchValue = {'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'};


var index = _.findIndex(array, searchValue); 
console.log(index === 0); //-> true

http://lodash.com/docs#findIndex

Also, if you’re bound to using Underscore – you can grab lodash’s underscore build at https://raw.github.com/lodash/lodash/2.4.1/dist/lodash.underscore.js


ES2015

With ES2015 now in wide use (through transpilers like Babel), you could forego lodash and underscore for the task at hand and use native methods:

var arr = [{ id: 1 }, { id: 2}];

arr.findIndex(i => i.id === 1); // 0

Method 2

Use this instead:

var array = [{'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'},
             {'id': 2, 'name': 'yyy'},
             {'id': 3, 'name': 'zzz'}];

var searchValue = {'id': 1, 'name': 'xxx'},
    index = -1;

_.each(array, function(data, idx) { 
   if (_.isEqual(data, searchValue)) {
      index = idx;
      return;
   }
});

console.log(index); //0

In your snippet data === searchValue compares the objects’ references, you don’t want to do this. On the other hand, if you use data == searchValue you are going to compare objects’ string representations i.e. [Object object] if you don’t have redefined toString methods.

So the correct way to compare the objects is to use _.isEqual.

Method 3

May be my suggestion will give you advice.

Why do you use callback for indexof method? The signature of indexof in underscore.js is the following:

_.indexOf(array, value, [isSorted]) 

find could be better for this task:

_.find(array, function(item, index) {
  if (item.id == searchValue.id) {
    alert(index);
  }
});

Method 4

With objects, === and == check to see if two references refer to the same object; it doesn’t check for equivalent objects:

var a = {foo: "bar"};
var b = {foo: "bar"};
console.log(a === b); // false, `a` and `b` refer to different (but equivalent) objects
a = b = {something: "here"};
console.log(a === b); // true, `a` and `b` refer to the *same* object

You have to test the object’s properties to make the decision. In your case, the id property looks like a good option, or if you want to compare all of the properties, you might use Underscore’s isEqual.

Method 5

Underscore uses native indexOf method if available,else applies fallback. Thus, for a list of objects you have to implement it in some other way.

One example could be

_.chain(array).pluck("key").indexOf("value").value();

or

_.map(array,function(e) { return e.key; }).indexOf(value);

Method 6

In case you have complicated objects, and want to search one object in the collection looking for a certain property, just go with:

 _.indexOf(arrayObj, _.findWhere(arrayObj, {id: 1})  );

Where “arrayObj” is the collection with objects, “id” is the prop, and “1” is the value being in search.

Method 7

i am using find index

 _.findIndex(array, searchValue); 

Method 8

_.find(array, function(item, index) {
  if (item.id == searchValue.id) {
    alert(index);
  }
});

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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