Different kind of Angular Directives patterns

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

angular.directive('ppd:reset', function(e1,e2) {
    return function(linkElement) {      


angular.directive('ppd:reset', [function() {
        return function(scope, elm, attrs) {   } 


What is the difference between these two directives pattern ?

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

If you declare your factories with the bracket notation, you can avoid problems when minifying your code:

angular.directive('ppd:reset', ["$compile", function(compile) {
    return function(scope, elm, attrs) {   } 


The injector looks at your function parameter names in order to know what to inject. If a minification process renames those, The injector doesn’t know what to do anymore. Minification will of course not touch string values which is why the array notation works fine.

Method 2

The difference is that version #1 is a simple way that angular does support for writing directives that don’t require any injectable modules. The version #2 is for having injectables. So, let’s say your directive relied on the $timeout service, then you would have a definition like below. For me, its easier to not think and just use the array syntax even if there are no injectables.

angular.directive('ppd:reset', ['$timeout', function($timeout) { 
       return function(scope, elm, attrs) {   } 

Method 3

The difference between the two is that the [] bracket notation is minifier-safe as minifiers don’t minify strings. For instance, if you try to minify javascript without it, it will turn:

angular.module('myApp', [])
.controller('MainController', function($scope) {



The issue in this case is that Angular doesn’t know a thing about e as opposed to $scope, which it does know about. Using the [] bracket notation, we can tell the $injector in advance what we want the controller to get access. Since minifiers don’t (and can’t) minify strings, it’s a safe way to use the dependency injection feature of Angular with or without minifiers.

For a deeper understanding of the differences of syntax, you can check out ng-book (https://www.ng-book.com/). Disclaimer, I am the author of the book and of http://www.ng-newsletter.com/.

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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