Browser Back Button using protractor or javascript

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I am writing an automated test for the browser back button on logout of an angular application using a combination of protractor and cucumberjs.

When trying to use the command history.back() I get the following error:

 ReferenceError: history is not defined
        at World.<anonymous> (/Users/&&&&&/&&&&&/features/step_definitions/browsers.js:62:16)

This points to where I’m calling the history.back(); function.

How do I fix this, or correctly implement a browser back function using cucumber js?

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

In your protractor test:


Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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