Angularjs watch service object

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

Why can’t I watch a object in a service.
Ive got a simple variable working, but a object wont work.
http://plnkr.co/edit/S4b2g3baS7dwQt3t8XEK?p=preview

var app = angular.module('plunker', []);

app.service('test', ['$http', '$rootScope',
            function ($http,   $rootScope) {

  var data = 0;
  var obj  = {
                "data": 0
              };

  this.add = function(){
    obj.data += 1;
    console.log('data:', obj);
  };

  this.getData     = function() { return obj; };

}]);

app.controller('TestController', ['$scope', '$rootScope', '$filter', 'test',
                          function($scope,   $rootScope,   $filter,   test) {

  //test controller
  $scope.add = function(){
    test.add();
  };
  $scope.test = test;
  $scope.$watch('test.getData()', function(newVal){
    console.log('data changes into: ', newVal)
  });
}]);

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

injecting whole services into a scope is not something I would do.

I would prefer to watch a function returning the value :

$scope.$watch(function() { return test.getData(); }, function(newVal) { 
    /* Do the stuff */
}, true);

Method 2

You need to pass true as the last parameter of the $watch function so that the equality check is angular.equals. Otherwise only reference equality is checked.

$scope.$watch('test.getData()', function(newVal){
  console.log('data changes into: ', newVal)
}, true);

Duplicate question:
$watch an object

EDIT

As mentioned bellow, the code includes a bad practice – having a service referenced in $scope. It is not necessary to reference it in scope, since $watch also accepts a getter function as first argument. Clean solution uses this function to return the watched array as is in the answer below.
$scope.$watch(function() { return test.getData(); } ...

To list a complete solution you could also use $watchCollection instead to solve the reference equality check problem.

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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