AngularJS Client, JAX-RS Jersey Rest Service – application/json client request throwing 'Error parsing media type'

All we need is an easy explanation of the problem, so here it is.

I am using the below AngularJS client code to perform a HTTP post request with JSON formatted payload to the jersey rest service

patientMgmtModule.controller('NewPatientCtrl',
function NewPatientCtrl($scope, $http)
{
    $scope.addPatient = function (){

    var patientJSON = angular.toJson($scope.Patient);
    console.log("Patient (JSON) is ============> " + patientJSON);

    $http({
      method: 'POST',
      data: $scope.Patient,
      url:'/ManagePatient/AddPatient',
      headers: {'Content-Type':'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;'}
    });
};

}
);

I have the following maven dependencies for Jersey:

 <dependency>
    <groupId>org.glassfish.jersey.archetypes</groupId>
    <artifactId>jersey-quickstart-webapp</artifactId>
    <version>2.0</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.glassfish.jersey.containers</groupId>
    <artifactId>jersey-container-servlet-core</artifactId>
    <version>2.0</version>
  </dependency>

On the Server Side, I have

import javax.ws.rs.Consumes;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.POST;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;
import com.hms.app.ui.beans.Patient;

@Path("/ManagePatient")
public class PatientController {

  @POST
  @Path("/AddPatient")
  @Consumes({MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON})
  public String addPatient(Patient patient) {
    System.out.println("Sarat's servlet called" );
    //patient.toConsole();
    System.out.println("Done Calling Patient To Console");
    return "Done Calling Patient To Console";
  } 
}

When I submit the form on the client side, I see the below error in the chrome console –

POST http://localhost:8080/HMS_Web/services/ManagePatient/AddPatient 500 (Internal Server Error) angular.min.js:99

and on the server end, I see (high level detail 1):

SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet [Jersey REST Service] in context with path [/HMS_Web] threw exception
org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HeaderValueException: Unable to parse "Content-Type" header value: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;"

and the last stack trace has this:

Caused by: java.text.ParseException: Expected separator '=' instead of '/'

Detailed stack trace: (

Aug 01, 2013 9:28:18 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve invoke
SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet [Jersey REST Service] in context with path [/HMS_Web] threw exception
org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HeaderValueException: Unable to parse "Content-Type" header value: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;"
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.exception(InboundMessageContext.java:318)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.singleHeader(InboundMessageContext.java:313)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.getMediaType(InboundMessageContext.java:427)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.WebComponent.filterFormParameters(WebComponent.java:482)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.WebComponent.service(WebComponent.java:303)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:372)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:335)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:218)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:222)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:168)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:99)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:929)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407)
at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1002)
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:585)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:312)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1110)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:603)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
Caused by: javax.ws.rs.ProcessingException: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Error parsing media type 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:433)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:427)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.singleHeader(InboundMessageContext.java:311)
... 22 more
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Error parsing media type 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:89)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:59)
at javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType.valueOf(MediaType.java:179)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:431)
... 24 more
Caused by: java.text.ParseException: Expected separator '=' instead of '/'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.nextSeparator(HttpHeaderReader.java:115)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.readParameters(HttpHeaderReader.java:261)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.readParameters(HttpHeaderReader.java:242)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.valueOf(MediaTypeProvider.java:107)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:87)
... 27 more

Aug 01, 2013 9:29:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve invoke
SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet [Jersey REST Service] in context with path [/HMS_Web] threw exception
org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HeaderValueException: Unable to parse "Content-Type" header value: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;"
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.exception(InboundMessageContext.java:318)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.singleHeader(InboundMessageContext.java:313)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.getMediaType(InboundMessageContext.java:427)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.WebComponent.filterFormParameters(WebComponent.java:482)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.WebComponent.service(WebComponent.java:303)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:372)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:335)
at org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer.service(ServletContainer.java:218)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:222)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:168)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:99)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:929)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407)
at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1002)
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:585)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:312)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1110)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:603)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
Caused by: javax.ws.rs.ProcessingException: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Error parsing media type 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:433)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:427)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext.singleHeader(InboundMessageContext.java:311)
... 22 more
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Error parsing media type 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;application/json;'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:89)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:59)
at javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType.valueOf(MediaType.java:179)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.InboundMessageContext$5.apply(InboundMessageContext.java:431)
... 24 more
Caused by: java.text.ParseException: Expected separator '=' instead of '/'
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.nextSeparator(HttpHeaderReader.java:115)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.readParameters(HttpHeaderReader.java:261)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpHeaderReader.readParameters(HttpHeaderReader.java:242)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.valueOf(MediaTypeProvider.java:107)
at org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.MediaTypeProvider.fromString(MediaTypeProvider.java:87)
... 27 more

After implementing LoggingFilter – I see that the server is responding with HTTP 415.

Aug 04, 2013 10:28:25 AM org.glassfish.jersey.filter.LoggingFilter log
INFO: 2 * LoggingFilter - Request received on thread tomcat-http--11
2 > POST http://localhost:8080/HMS_Web/services/ManagePatient/AddPatient
2 > host: localhost:8080
2 > connection: keep-alive
2 > content-length: 341
2 > accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
2 > origin: http://localhost:8080
2 > x-requested-with: XMLHttpRequest
2 > user-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/28.0.1500.72 Safari/537.36
2 > content-type: application/json
2 > dnt: 1
2 > referer: http://localhost:8080/HMS_Web/views/Landing.html
2 > accept-encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch
2 > accept-language: en-US,en;q=0.8

Aug 04, 2013 10:28:25 AM org.glassfish.jersey.filter.LoggingFilter log
INFO: 2 * LoggingFilter - Response received on thread tomcat-http--11
2 < 415

How to solve :

I know you bored from this bug, So we are here to help you! Take a deep breath and look at the explanation of your problem. We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first method because it is tested & true method that will 100% work for you.

Method 1

Your Content-Type header is invalid (see spec 14.17 Content-Type). Based on you JAX-RS resource you should use application/json as Content-Type (without application/x-www-form-urlencoded):

$http({
  method: 'POST',
  data: $scope.Patient,
  url:'/ManagePatient/AddPatient',
  headers: {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
});

EDIT 1:

If you want to see requests that are coming to your server you can register LoggingFilter and it will show you some useful information. You can turn it on in:

web.xml (add it to the JAX-RS servlet definition):

<init-param>
    <param-name>jersey.config.server.provider.classnames</param-name>
    <param-value>org.glassfish.jersey.filter.LoggingFilter</param-value>
</init-param>

Application extension:

public class MyApplication extends Application {

    @Override
    public Set<Class<?>> getClasses() {
        return new HashSet<Class<?>>() {{
            // Add your resources.
            add(HelloWorldResource.class);

            // Add LoggingFilter.
            add(LoggingFilter.class);
        }};
    }
}

ResourceConfig instance (demonstrating also outputting the entity here):

public class MyApplication extends ResourceConfig {

    public MyApplication() {
        // Resources - add your package name here to enable package scanning.
        packages(...);

        // Enable LoggingFilter & output entity.     
        registerInstances(new LoggingFilter(Logger.getLogger(MyApplication.class.getName()), true));
    }
}

EDIT 2:

Jersey 2.x does not support application/json media type out of the box – you need to add one of the JSON modules to your classpath (see JSON section in users guide), for example:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.glassfish.jersey.media</groupId>
    <artifactId>jersey-media-moxy</artifactId>
    <version>2.0</version>
</dependency>

Note: Use and implement method 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Reply